In August 2017, a deadly crackdown by Myanmar's army on the Rohingyas caused hundreds of thousands of people to flee into Bangladesh. The exodus began on 25 August and as a result now there are 1.1 Million Rohingyas living in Cox’s Bazar area. The Cox’s Bazar Camps are so cramped that it is poised to bring a number of threats emanating from, human trafficking, drug smuggling, deterioration of law and order, arms smuggling, livelihood competitions with the locals, environmental degradation and health concerns. In that backdrop, the Bangladesh Government decided to decongest these camps by relocating some of the Rohingyas to Bhasanchar. There were a number of apprehensions and misconceptions regarding Bhasanchar, for example: questions were raised regarding the safety and sustainability of the Bhasanchar island, human security and protection aspects and potential of the island in terms of providing a sustainable livelihood etc. In order to evaluate the real perspective of Bhasanchar, a joint research was undertaken by Central Foundation for International and Strategic Studies (CFISS) and Department of Peace and Conflict, University of Dhaka.
Central Foundation for International and Strategic Studies (CFISS) is a state-of-the-art research organization from Bangladesh which specializes in new dimensional security issues. In the year of 2020, the world has witnessed a tremendous turbulence in the name of COVID-19 which took the international community by surprise and put the global order in shambles. The world system has taken drastic measures and changed their policies accordingly to handle the threat.